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## SW_AEJxLPS_2F

Full product name

Auroral electrojets line profile - SECS method

## Description

Characterization of the electrojet sheet current density as well as the total horizontal sheet and associated large-scale field-aligned current density along the Swarm orbit ionospheric footprints at auroral latitudes (by using SECS method).

## Data Access

- Files
- HTTPS (Product files): https://swarm-diss.eo.esa.int/#swarm/Level2daily/Latest_baselines/AEJ/LPS
- FTP (Product files): ftp://swarm-diss.eo.esa.int/Level2daily/Latest_baselines/AEJ/LPS

- Web services

## Output variables

Variable | Units | Description | Dim | Type |
---|---|---|---|---|

t | Time of observation, UTC | 1 | CDF_EPOCH | |

Latitude | deg | Position in ITRF - Geocentric latitude | 1 | CDF_DOUBLE |

Longitude | deg | Position in ITRF - Geocentric longitude | 1 | CDF_DOUBLE |

Latitude_QD | deg | Quasi-dipole latitude | 1 | CDF_DOUBLE |

Longitude_QD | deg | Quasi-dipole longitude | 1 | CDF_DOUBLE |

MLT | hour | Magnetic local time (QD) | 1 | CDF_DOUBLE |

J_CF | A/km | North and East component of the curl-free horizontal sheet current density vector in geocentric frame | 2 | CDF_DOUBLE |

J_DF | A/km | North and East component of the divergence-free horizontal sheet current density vector in geocentric frame | 2 | CDF_DOUBLE |

J_CF_SemiQD | A/km | North component of the curl-free horizontal sheet current density in SemiQD^{3} frame | 1 | CDF_DOUBLE |

J_DF_SemiQD | A/km | East component of the divergence-free horizontal sheet current density in SemiQD^{3} frame | 1 | CDF_DOUBLE |

J_r | A/km^2 | Radial ionospheric current density at 110 km altitude in SemiQD^{3} frame | 1 | CDF_DOUBLE |

t_qual | Time instants of quality information (RMS_misfit and Confidence), attached to the beginning time of the oval crossing^{4}, UTC | 1 | CDF_EPOCH | |

RMS_misfit | nT | Root Mean Square error misfit between observations and model values for the oval crossing^{4} | 1 | CDF_DOUBLE |

Confidence | - | Goodness of fit computed as 1 - (residual rms / signal rms) for the oval crossing^{4} | 1 | CDF_DOUBLE |

## Details

Product identifier | AEJxLPS_2F |

Definition | Latitude profiles of high-latitude ionospheric horizontal sheet current densities and radial current densities using the Spherical Elementary Current Systems method (Juusola, L. et al., doi: 10.1186/BF03351964). |

Input Data | MAGx_LR_1B, Latest CHAOS model^{1} including, core, lithosphere, magnetosphere and secondary currents. |

Input Time Span | 24 h |

Spatial representation | One geographic, quasi-dipole latitude/longitude pair for each output value, given at Swarm footprints (at 110 km altitude) according to the time representation of this product^{2}. The footprints have been determined with mapping along the geomagnetic field line. |

Time representation | 1 Hz |

Units | A/km and A/km^{2} |

Resolution | Full resolution (Double precision) |

Uncertainty | c.f. Juusola et al., doi: 10.1002/2016JA022961 |

Quality indicator | RMS and confidence characterizing the misfit between modelled and measured magnetic field by Swarm |

Data volume | ~3 MB |

Data format | CDF |

Output time span | 24 h^{5} |

Update rate | Daily |

Latency | < 1 day |

Notes | ^{1} Version information of Input Data are available in the CDF global attributes. ^{2} Although the Spatial Representation is given with 1 Hz (~7 km) resolution, the method can resolve current structures with ~1 deg resolution. ^{3} Horizontal current components will be given both in geocentric frame and in a spherical frame whose north pole is defined by the QD frame (SW-DS-GFZ-GS-001_AEBS_DPA, Swarm-AEBS Description of the Processing Algorithm). The latitude and longitude of QD north pole are available in the CDF global attributes LatitudePOLEQD and LongitudePOLEQD respectively. These are vectors of two elements. The 1st (2nd) value is for the case when Swarm is in the northern (southern) hemisphere. ^{4} In SECS method the equatorward boundary of oval crossing is always +/- 50 QD latitude and the poleward boundary is at +/-85 QD latitude if the satellite trajectory covers such high latitudes.^{5} Product always contain data from the start of the first oval crossing of the day until the end of the last oval crossing starting that day, i.e., may contain data from the next day if oval crossing occurs around midnight. |